LINGUIST List 11.1074

Thu May 11 2000

Books: Pragmatics, Corpus Linguistics

Editor for this issue: Scott Fults <scottlinguistlist.org>




Links to the websites of all LINGUIST's supporting publishers are available at the end of this issue.

Directory

  • Eric van Broekhuizen, Pragmatics: Cognitive Mechanisms Underlying Wording Effects in Surveys
  • Eric van Broekhuizen, Corpus Ling: Corpora Galore, J. Kirk (ed)
  • Eric van Broekhuizen, Corpus Ling: Multilingual Corpora in Teaching and Research

    Message 1: Pragmatics: Cognitive Mechanisms Underlying Wording Effects in Surveys

    Date: Thu, 11 May 2000 08:08:34 +0200
    From: Eric van Broekhuizen <E.van.Broekhuizenrodopi.nl>
    Subject: Pragmatics: Cognitive Mechanisms Underlying Wording Effects in Surveys


    Bregje Holleman The forbid/allow asymmetry On the cognitive mechanisms underlying wording effects in surveys. Amsterdam/Atlanta, GA 2000. XII,246 pp. (Utrecht Sudies in Language and Communication 16)

    ISBN: 90-420-1341-9 Hfl. 85,-/US-$ 47.--

    Questionnaires are widely used in the social sciences and very often survey data form the basis for governmental and commercial planning or evaluation. Yet the quality of survey data is not attested to, since a large variety of factors in the language-use situation prove to influence the answers unintentionally. The forbid/allow asymmetry is a well-known example of this: when respondents are asked whether something should be forbidden, about 50% may answer 'yes, forbid' - whereas an equivalent question phrased with the verb 'to allow' could well cause up to 75% of the respondents to answer 'no, it should not be allowed'. Which question wording is preferable to measure respondents' true attitudes? Only when we know why the answers differ, can we decide on that.

    This book is the first to apply a systematic cognitive approach to describe the causes of the forbid/allow asymmetry. The question-answering process is unravelled by a variety of experiments and meta-analytic techniques. Analyses reveal that the difference in question wording does not prompt respondents to retrieve different attitudes. Instead, the asymmetry reflects that the question wording causes the response options to be used differently. Because of the qualifying dimensions in the question text, the meanings of 'yes' and 'no' change, as well as the cognitive distance between them.

    This study sheds a different light on processes of question-answering and text interpretation. Furthermore, practical advice on questionnaire design and on the interpretation of survey data is given on the basis of these new insights.

    Contents: Chapter 1 A cognitive perspective on the forbid/allow asymmetry. Chapter 2 The state of the art in forbid/allow research. Chapter 3 Generalizing the asymmetry beyond question level. Chapter 4 Attitude retrieval versus mapping an answer. Chapter 5 The communicative setting as an influencing factor. Chapter 6 Communicative restrictions and the answering scales. Chapter 7 The relative meanings of yes and no. Chapter 8 On cognitive mechanisms underlying wording effects. References. Concise subject index. Author index.

    Rodopi Website: http://www.rodopi.nl E-mail: orders-queriesrodopi.nl

    Amsterdam: Atlanta, GA Phone: + 31 20 6114821 (404) 843-4445 toll-free (US only) 1-800-225-3998 Fax:: + 31 20 4472979 (404) 843-4315

    Message 2: Corpus Ling: Corpora Galore, J. Kirk (ed)

    Date: Thu, 11 May 2000 08:10:49 +0200
    From: Eric van Broekhuizen <E.van.Broekhuizenrodopi.nl>
    Subject: Corpus Ling: Corpora Galore, J. Kirk (ed)


    Corpora Galore. Analyses and Techniques in Describing English. Papers from the Nineteenth International Conference on English Language Research on Computerised Corpora (ICAME 19-98). Edited by John M. Kirk. Amsterdam/Atlanta, GA 2000. X,344 pp. (Language and Computers 30)

    ISBN: 90-420-0419-3 Hardbound Hfl. 175,-/US-$ 97.- ISBN: 90-420-0409-6 Paper Hfl. 60,-/US-$ 33.-

    Contents: Preface. Acknowledgements. I LEXICAL AND COLLOCATIONAL DESCRIPTION Susan BLACKWELL: Looking up look: Discourse Markers in the Bank of English Sebastian HOFFMANN and Hans-Martin LEHMANN: Collocational Evidence from the British National Corpus Graeme KENNEDY and Shunji YAMAZAKI: The Influence of Maori on the New Zealand English Lexicon Anthony McENERY, John Paul BAKER and Andrew HARDIE: Assessing Claims about Language Use with Corpus Data: Swearing and Abuse David C. MINUGH: You people use such weird expressions: The frequency of idioms in newspaper CDs as corpora Vincent B.Y. OOI: Asian or Western Realities? Collocations in Singaporean-Malaysian English II SYNTACTIC DESCRIPTION J�rgen GERNER: Singular and Plural Anaphors of Indefinite Personal Pronouns in Spoken British English G�ran KJELLMER: Auxiliary Marginalities: The Case of Try Anna RAHMAN and Geoffrey SAMPSON: Extending Grammar Annotation to Spontaneous Speech Pasi TAPANAINEN and Timo J�RVINEN: Syntactic Concordancers Atro VOUTILAINEN: Helsinki Taggers and Parsers for English Sean WALLIS, Bas AARTS and Gerald NELSON: Parsing in Reverse: Exploring ICE-GB with Fuzzy Tree Fragments and ICECUP

    Rodopi Website: http://www.rodopi.nl E-mail: orders-queriesrodopi.nl

    Amsterdam Atlanta, GA Phone: + 31 20 6114821 (404) 843-4445 toll-free (US only) 1-800-225-3998 Fax:: + 31 20 4472979 (404) 843-4315

    Message 3: Corpus Ling: Multilingual Corpora in Teaching and Research

    Date: Thu, 11 May 2000 08:28:27 +0200
    From: Eric van Broekhuizen <E.van.Broekhuizenrodopi.nl>
    Subject: Corpus Ling: Multilingual Corpora in Teaching and Research


    Multilingual Corpora in Teaching and Research Edited by Simon Philip Botley, Anthony Mark McEnery and Andrew Wilson Amsterdam/Atlanta, GA 2000. 214 pp. (Language and Computers 22) ISBN: 90-420-0551-3 Hardcover Hfl. 115,-/US-$ 60.50 ISBN: 90-420-0541-6 Paper Hfl. 35,-/US-$ 18.-

    The use of corpus data in languages other than English has become increasingly important in recent years, and as a result has given rise to a growing body of research and applications in multilingual corpus linguistics. This book collects together a selection of papers which have made use of multilingual corpus data in language teaching, as well as linguistic research.

    The corpora described in this book include data in a variety of languages, including Swedish, Chinese, German and Italian, and the contributors include well known scholars in the fields of corpus linguistics and corpus-based language teaching.

    Table of Contents: Chapter One: Tony MCENERY and Michael OAKES: Bilingual Text Alignment - An Overview. Chapter Two: Michael SIMARD, George FOSTER, Marie-Louise HANNAN, Elliott MACKLOVITCH and Pierre PLAMONDON: Bilingual Text Alignment: Where Do We Draw The Line? Chapter Three: Pernilla DANIELSSON and Daniel RIDINGS: Corpus And Terminology: Software For The Translation Program At G�teborgs Universitet Or Getting Students To Do The Work. Chapter Four: Carol PETERS, Eugenio PICCHI, And Lisa BIAGINI: Parallel And Comparable Bilingual Corpora In Language Teaching And Learning. Chapter FIVE: Ren�e MEYER, Mary Ellen OKUROWSKI and Th�r�se HAND: Using Authentic Corpora And Language Tools For Adult-Centred Learning. Chapter Six: Jennifer PEARSON: Teaching Terminology Using Electronic Resources. Chapter Seven: Michael BARLOW: Parallel Texts in Language Teaching. Chapter Eight: David WOOLLS: From Purity To Pragmatism; User-Driven Developments Of A Multilingual Parallel Concordancer. Chapter Nine: Stig JOHANSSON And Knut HOFLAND: The English-Norwegian Parallel Corpus: Current Work And New Directions. Chapter Ten: Raphael SALKIE: Unlocking The Power Of The Smemuc. Cha[ter Eleven: Josef SCHMIED And Barbara FINK: Corpus-Based Contrastive Lexicology: The Case Of English With And Its German Translation Equivalents. Chapter Twelve: Tony MCENERY, Scott PIAO & Xu XIN: Parallel Alignment In English And Chinese. Bibliography. List of Contributors. Index.

    Rodopi Website: http://www.rodopi.nl E-mail: orders-queriesrodopi.nl

    Amsterdam Atlanta, GA Phone: + 31 20 6114821 (404) 843-4445 toll-free (US only) 1-800-225-3998 Fax:: + 31 20 4472979 (404) 843-4315


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