LINGUIST List 11.1177
Tue May 23 2000
Qs: Reference "Effectum", Spatial Preposition "by"
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Toshiyuki Kumashiro, Reference to "Effectum"
Markus J�ger, Spatial Preposition "by"
Message 1: Reference to "Effectum"
Date: Tue, 23 May 2000 03:45:58 +0900
From: Toshiyuki Kumashiro <tkumashilaw.keio.ac.jp>
Subject: Reference to "Effectum"
I believe it is Lyons who used the term "effectum" to describe the direct
object of a verb of creation such as "to make", which is not "affected" by
the action, but "effected" into existence. Can anyone tell me in which work
he introduced the term?
Message 2: Spatial Preposition "by"
Date: Tue, 23 May 2000 11:29:09 +0200
From: Markus J�ger <a9340570unet.univie.ac.at>
Subject: Spatial Preposition "by"
I am currently working on my master's thesis which will be an analysis
of the semantics of the English spatial preposition "by" against a
cognitive background. This is going to involve the search for a
single underlying meaning of all the spatial, temporal and abstract
metaphorical extensions of this preposition. Moreover, I hope to find
clues to establishing a sort of sense chain to link all the
extensional meanings of "by" to each other on the basis of image
schematic representations and the metaphors employed.
Although I have found thorough semantic analyses of English prepositions
such as "over", I haven't found any in-depth analyses of "by" - apart from a
few short articles by Rene Dirven, for example.
I would be glad to hear from anyone who can give me some information on this
topic or who would like to give me a few hints.
If there are any brand-new publications I haven't heard of in Austria yet -
please e-mail me!
Markus J�ger, Vienna University