LINGUIST List 9.813

Tue Jun 2 1998

Qs: Eng. Words of Arabic Origin,,Stops,Greek

Editor for this issue: Martin Jacobsen <>

We'd like to remind readers that the responses to queries are usually best posted to the individual asking the question. That individual is then strongly encouraged to post a summary to the list. This policy was instituted to help control the huge volume of mail on LINGUIST; so we would appreciate your cooperating with it whenever it seems appropriate.


  • Philippe LEMAIRE, English words from Arabic origin
  • ROELLY Guillaume,
  • cpeust, Qu: glottal stop
  • davide, Greek Endings

    Message 1: English words from Arabic origin

    Date: Sat, 23 May 1998 12:42:06 +0200
    From: Philippe LEMAIRE <>
    Subject: English words from Arabic origin

    Hello !

    I teach English in France to many pupils from Arabic origin. I'm looking for information about English words from Arabic origin. Thank you for your contribution to my research.



    P.S. I use my husband's E-mail address

    Message 2:

    Date: Fri, 29 May 1998 13:49:08 +0200
    From: ROELLY Guillaume <>

    Hello, I just reached your web site today speaking about this sign.

    I'm french and yesterday I spoke half an hour with a Norwegiese to make him know my e-mail adress. The problem was this particuliar sign.

    He knew only the norwegian term for it which meant nothing to me ! He tried to make me see by saying he pressed the keys "AltGr" and "2". But as we do not share the same type of keyboards it's ~(tilde) for me !

    Moreover I was told when I started computing in 1982 that in french the name for it was "aronde" wich shall be a play on words for "ronde" means round so "aronde" sounds like "a ronde" (round a) "aronde" is also a real french word used only in the "queue d'aronde" expression meaning a dovetail in joinery businness.

    Message 3: Qu: glottal stop

    Date: Sun, 31 May 1998 10:46:03 +0000
    From: cpeust <>
    Subject: Qu: glottal stop

    Dear linguists,

    whenever a word begins with a vowel in German orthography, a glottal stop is automatically added before in pronunciation. This is true also in connected speech. For example "Ich esse ein Ei" (I eat an egg) is pronounced something like: "?ic ?ese ?ain ?ai" (? = glottal stop)

    While it is possible to omit some of these glottal stops in casual speech (there are also regional differences), it is actually very common to speak them. German has no glottal stops in other positions, so the glottal stop is usually not considered a phoneme in German.

    Now I am looking for other languages which behave similarly, i.e. in which words cannot usually begin with a vowel, but may begin with a glottal stop, whereas the glottal stop is not found in other positions.

    Many thanks in advance for any answers. I will put a summary on the list.

    Carsten Peust, M.A. Seminar fuer Aegyptologie Prinzenstr. 21 37073 Goettingen Germany

    Message 4: Greek Endings

    Date: Tue, 2 Jun 1998 15:40:10 +0200 (DFT)
    From: davide <>
    Subject: Greek Endings

    Hi. I'm making a research about Optative mood in ancient Greek texts and I' m searching a PC program which could help me to find verb' s attestations ( not only infinitive ) through all literature ( from Hesiod to New Testament ). Could anybody help me ?